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Data Revolution: Big Data, Open Data, Data Infrastructures and Their Consequences

by Rob Kitchin Sage Publications Ltd
Pub Date:
08/2014
ISBN:
9781446287484
Format:
Pbk 240 pages
Price:
AU$71.00 NZ$73.91
Product Status: Available in Approx 5 days
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Available as eBook
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Traditionally, data has been a scarce commodity which, given its value, has been either jealously guarded or expensively traded. In recent years, technological developments and political lobbying have turned this position on its head. Data now flow as a deep and wide torrent, are low in cost and supported by robust infrastructures, and are increasingly open and accessible. A data revolution is underway, one that is already reshaping how knowledge is produced, business conducted, and governance enacted, as well as raising many questions concerning surveillance, privacy, security, profiling, social sorting, and intellectual property rights.

In contrast to the hype and hubris of much media and business coverage, The Data Revolution provides a synoptic and critical analysis of the emerging data landscape.

Accessible in style, the book provides: A synoptic overview of big data, open data and data infrastructures An introduction to thinking conceptually about data, data infrastructures, data analytics and data markets Acritical discussion of the technical shortcomings and the social, political and ethical consequences of the data revolution An analysis of the implications of the data revolution to academic, business and government practices

Chapter 1: Conceptualising Data
What are data?
Kinds of data
Data, information, knowledge, wisdom
Framing data
Thinking critically about databases and data infrastructures
Data assemblages and the data revolution
Chapter 2: Small Data, Data Infrastructures and Data Brokers
Data holdings, data archives and data infrastructures
Rationale for research data infrastructures
The challenges of building data infrastructures
The challenges of building data infrastructuresData brokers and markets
Chapter 3: Open and Linked Data
Open data
Linked data
The case for open data
The economics of open data
Concerns with respect to opening data
Chapter 4: Big Data
Volume
Exhaustive
Resolution and indexicality
Relationality
Velocity
Variety
Flexibility
Chapter 5: Enablers and Sources of Big Data
The enablers of big data
Sources of big data
Directed Data
Automated data
Volunteered data
Chapter 6: Data Analytics
Pre-analytics
Machine learning
Data mining and pattern recognition
Data visualisation and visual analytics
Statistical analysis
Prediction, simulation and optimization
Chapter 7: The Governmental and Business Rationale for Big Data
Governing people
Managing organisations
Leveraging value and producing capital
Creating better places
Chapter 8: The Reframing of Science, Social Science and Humanities Research
The fourth paradigm in science?
The re-emergence of empiricism
The fallacies of empiricism
Data-driven science
Computational social sciences and digital humanities
Chapter 9: Technical and Organisational Issues
Deserts and deluges
Access
Data quality, veracity and lineage
Data integration and interoperability
Poor analysis and ecological fallacies
Skills and human resourcing
Chapter 10: Ethical, Political, Social and Legal Concerns
Data shadows and dataveillance
Privacy
Data security
Profiling, social sorting and redlining
Secondary uses, control creep and anticipatory governance
Modes of governance and technological lock-ins
Chapter 11: Making Sense of the Data Revolution
Understanding data and the data revolution
Researching data assemblages
Final thoughts

Kitchin and rsquo;s powerful, authoritative work deconstructs the hype around the and lsquo;data revolution and rsquo; to carefully guide us through the histories and the futures of and lsquo;big data. and rsquo; The book skilfully engages with debates from across the humanities, social sciences, and sciences in order to produce a critical account of how data are enmeshed into enormous social, economic, and political changes that are taking place. It challenges us to rethink data, information and knowledge by asking - who benefits and who might be left out; what these changes mean for ethics, economy, surveillance, society, politics; and ultimately, whether big data offer answers to big questions. By tackling the promises and potentials as well as the perils and pitfalls of our data revolution, Kitchin shows us that data doesn and rsquo;t just reflect the world, but also changes it. Dr Mark Graham 'Kitchin and rsquo;s powerful, authoritative work deconstructs the hype around the and lsquo;data revolution and rsquo; to carefully guide us through the histories and the futures of and lsquo;big data. and rsquo; The book skilfully engages with debates from across the humanities, social sciences, and sciences in order to produce a critical account of how data are enmeshed into enormous social, economic, and political changes that are taking place. It challenges us to rethink data, information and knowledge by asking - who benefits and who might be left out; what these changes mean for ethics, economy, surveillance, society, politics; and ultimately, whether big data offer answers to big questions. By tackling the promises and potentials as well as the perils and pitfalls of our data revolution, Kitchin shows us that data doesn and rsquo;t just reflect the world, but also changes it.' Mark Graham 'With a lucid prose and without hyperbole, Kitchin explains the complexities and disruptive effects of what he calls and lsquo;the data revolution and rsquo;. The book brilliantly provides an overview of the shifting socio-technical assemblages that are shaping the uses of data today. Carefully distinguishing between big data and open data, and exploring various data infrastructures, Kitchin vividly illustrates how the data landscape is rapidly changing and calls for a revolution in how we think about data.' Evelyn Ruppert 'This is an incredibly well written and accessible book which provides readers who will be curious about the buzz around the idea of big data with: (a) an organising framework rooted in social theory (important given dominance of technical writings) through which to conceptualise big data; (b) detailed understandings of each actant in the various data assemblages with fresh and novel theoretical constructions and typologies of each actant; (c) the contours of a critical examination of big data (whose interests does it serve, where, how and why). These are all crucial developments its seems to me and I think this book will become a trail blazer because of them. This is going to be a biggie citation wise and a seminal work.' Mark Boyle

'Carefully distinguishing between big data and open data, and exploring various data infrastructures, Kitchin vividly illustrates how the data landscape is rapidly changing and calls for a revolution in how we think about data.'- Evelyn Ruppert, Goldsmiths, University of London
Prof. Rob Kitchin is an European Advanced Investigator at the National University of Ireland Maynooth. He has authored or edited 23 other books and was the 2013 recipient of the Royal Irish Academyas Gold Medal for the Social Sciences.