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Broadview Anthology of Social and Political Thought: Volume 1: From Plato to Nietzsche

by Andrew Bailey, Samantha Brennan, Will Kymlicka, Jacob Levy, Alex Sager and Clark Wolf Broadview Press
Pub Date:
03/2008
ISBN:
9781551117423
Format:
Pbk 1136 pages
Price:
AU$117.00 NZ$120.87
Product Status: In Stock Now
add to your cart
This comprehensive volume contains much of the important work in political and social philosophy from ancient times until the end of the nineteenth century. The anthology offers both depth and breadth in its selection of material by central figures, while also representing other currents of political thought. Thucydides, Seneca, and Cicero are included along with Plato and Aristotle; Al-Farabi, Marsilius of Padua, and de Pizan take their place alongside Augustine and Aquinas; Astell and Constant are presented in the company of Locke, Rousseau, and Wollstonecraft. The editors have made every effort to include translations that are both readable and reliable. Every selection has been painstakingly annotated, and each figure is given a substantial introduction highlighting his or her major contribution within the tradition. In order to ensure the highest standards of accuracy and accessibility, the editors have consulted dozens of leading academics during the course of the anthology's development (a number of whom have contributed introductory material as well as advice). The result is an anthology with unparalleled pedagogical benefits, and one that truly breaks new ground.

Preface

Acknowledgments

Part I: The Classical Period

Thucydides

History of the Peloponnesian War, 2.40: Pericles' Funeral Oration
History of the Peloponnesian War, 5.84-116: Melian Dialogue

Plato

Apology
Crito
Death Scene from the Phaedo
The Republic

Book 1
Book 2
from Book 3
from Book 4
from Book 5
from Book 7
Book 8
from Book 9

Laws, Book 1

Aristotle

Nicomachean Ethics

Book 1 [Happiness]
Book 2 [Virtue of Character]
from Book 3 [The Individual Virtues of Character]
Book 5 [Justice]
Book 8 [Friendship]
from Book 10 [Happiness: Further Discussion]

[From Ethics to Politics]

Politics

Book 1
Book 2
Book 3
Book 4
from Book 5
from Book 7

Polybius

The Histories: Fragments of Book 6

1. From Preface
2. On the Forms of States
5. On the Roman Constitution at its Prime

Marcus Tullius Cicero

On Duties (44 BCE)

Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Letter on Slaves

Part II: The Medieval Period

St. Augustine

City of God (413-427), from Preface

Al-Farabi

The Political Regime

A. The Ignorant Cities
B. The Immoral Cities
C. The Erring Cities
D. The Weeds in Virtuous Cities

Moses Maimonides

Guide for the Perplexed (c. 1190)

from Part 3, Chapter 27
from Part 3, Chapter 28
Part 3, Chapter 34

St. Thomas Aquinas

Summa Contra Gentiles (1258-1264)

Book 1, Chapter 3
Book 1, Chapter 4
Book 1, Chapter 7
Book 1, Chapter 8
Book 3, Chapter 64
Book 3, Chapter 81

Summa Theologiae (1265-1274)

Question 90. The Essence of Law
Question 94. The Natural Law
Question 95. Human Law

Marsilius of Padua

The Defender of the Peace (1324)

Discourse 1, Chapter 10
Discourse 1, Chapter 11

Christine de Pizan

City of the Ladies (c. 1405)

1. Here Begins the Book of the City of the Ladies, in which the First Chapter Tells Why and for What Purpose This Book Was Written

The Book of the Body Politic (1406-1407)

Chapter 4. Here We Begin to Discuss the Third Estate of the People, and First, Clerics Studying the Branches of Knowledge
Chapter 5. More on the Same Subject
Chapter 6. On the Second Estate of People, That Is, the Burghers and Merchants
Chapter 8. On Merchants
Chapter 9. The Third Class of the People
Chapter 10. On Simple Laborers

The Book of Deeds of Arms and of Chivalry (1410)

Concerning the Prime Causes of Wars and Battles
V. Considerations a King or Prince Should Entertain in Initiating War and the Points He Should Keep in Mind While Deliberating the Matter

Part III: The Early Modern Period

Niccolo Machiavelli

The Prince

Dedication
Chapter 5: Concerning the way to govern cities or principalities which lived under their own laws before they were annexed
Chapter 6: Concerning new principalities which are acquired through one's own arms and ability
Chapter 7: Concerning new principalities which are acquired either through the arms of others or by good fortune
Chapter 8: Concerning those who have obtained a principality through wickedness
Chapter 9: Concerning a civil principality
Chapter 10: Concerning the way in which the strength of all principalities ought to be measured
Chapter 11: Concerning ecclesiastical principalities
Chapter 12: Of the different types of troops and mercenaries
Chapter 13: Concerning auxiliary, mixed, and citizen soldiers
Chapter 14: That which concerns a prince on the subject of the art of war
Chapter 15: Concerning things for which men, and especially princes, are praised or blamed
Chapter 16: Concerning generosity and miserliness
Chapter 17: Concerning cruelty and mercy, and whether it is better to be loved than feared
Chapter 18: Concerning the way in which princes should keep their word
Chapter 19: That one should avoid being despised and hated
Chapter 21: How a prince should act in order to gain esteem
Chapter 22: Concerning princes' advisors
Chapter 23: How to avoid flatterers
Chapter 24: Why the princes of Italy have lost their states
Chapter 25: Of fortune's power in human affairs, and how to deal with her
Chapter 26: An exhortation to liberate Italy from the barbarians

Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius (1512-1517)

Niccolo Machiavelli to Zanobi Buondelmonte and Cosima Rucellai
from First Book

Introduction
Chapter 1: Of the Beginning of Cities in General, and Especially that of the City of Rome
Chapter 2: Of the Different Kinds of Republics, and of what Kind the Roman Republic Was

from Second Book

Introduction
Chapter 2: What Nations the Romans Had to Contend Against and with What Obstinacy They Defended their Liberty
Chapter 20: Of the Dangers to which Princes and Republic are Exposed that Employ Auxiliary or Mercenary Troops
Chapter 29: Fortune Blinds the Minds of Men When She Does Not Wish Them to Oppose Her Designs

from Third Book

Chapter 9: Whoever Desires Constant Success Must Change his Conduct with the Times

Martin Luther

from Temporal Authority: To What Extent It Should Be Obeyed (1523)

John Calvin

from On Civil Government (1534)

Thomas Hobbes

Leviathan (1651)

The Introduction
Part 1: Of Man

Chapter 10: Of Power, Worth, Dignity, Honor, and Worthiness
Chapter 11: Of the Difference of Manners
Chapter 13: Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery
Chapter 14: Of the First and Second Natural Laws, and of Contracts
Chapter 15: Of Other Laws of Nature
Chapter 16: Of Persons, Authors, and Things Personated

Part 2: Of Commonwealth

Chapter 17: Of the Causes, Generation, and Definition of a Commonwealth
Chapter 18: Of the Rights of Sovereigns by Institution
Chapter 19: Of the Several Kinds of Commonwealth by Institution and of Succession to the Sovereign Power
Chapter 20: Of Dominion Paternal and Despotical
Chapter 21: Of the Liberty of Subjects
Chapter 26: Of Civil Laws
Chapter 29: Of Those Things that Weaken or Tend to the Dissolution of a Commonwealth
Chapter 30: Of the Office of the Sovereign Representative

John Locke

The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)

Preface
Book 2 [The Second Treatise]

A Letter Concerning Toleration (1689)

Mary Astell

Some Reflections upon Marriage (1700), from Preface

Montesquieu

The Spirit of the Laws (1748), from Part 2, Book 11

David Hume

A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740), Part 2: Of Justice and Injustice
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751)

Appendix 3: Some Farther Considerations with Regard to Justice

Of the Original Contract (1748)

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men

Preface
Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men
Appendix 1: Note [On Good and Evil in Human Life]
Appendix 2: Note [On Human Variety]
Appendix 3: Note [On the Views of John Locke]
Appendix 4: Note [On Humans Living in an Intermediate Stage]

On the Social Contract or Principles of Political Right (1762)

Foreword
Book 1
Book 2
Book 3
Book 4

Adam Smith

The Wealth of Nations (1776)

from Book 1. Of the Causes of Improvement in the Productive Powers of Labor, and of the Order According to Which Its Produce is Naturally Distributed Among the Different Ranks of the People

Chapter 1: Of the Division of Labor
Chapter 2: Of the Principle Which Gives Occasion to the Division of Labor
Chapter 3: That the Division of Labor Is Limited by the Extent of the Market
Chapter 10, Part 2: Inequalities by the Policy of Europe

from Book 4

Chapter 2: Of Restraints upon the Importation from Foreign Countries of Such Goods as Can Be Produced At Home
Chapter 9: Of the Agricultural Systems

Immanuel Kant

Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785)

from the Preface
First Section: Transition from the Common Rational Moral Cognition to the Philosophical Moral Cognition
from Second Section: Transition from Popular Moral Philosophy to the Metaphysics of Morals

To Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch (1795)

"To Perpetual Peace"
First Section: Which Contains the Preliminary Articles for Perpetual Peace Among Nations (1795)
Second Section: Which Contains the Definitive Articles for Perpetual Peace Among Nations
Appendix

Thomas Jefferson

The Declaration of Independence [as amended and adopted in Congress], July 4, 1776

Alexander Hamilton and James Madison

The Federalist No. 9
The Federalist No. 10
The Federalist No. 51
The Federalist No. 78

Olympe de Gouges

Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791)

Mary Wollstonecraft

A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects (1792)

Advertisement
Introduction
from Part 1

from Chapter 1: The Rights and Involved Duties of Mankind Considered
from Chapter 2: The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed
from Chapter 3: The Same Subject Continued
from Chapter 4: Observations on the State of Degradation to Which Woman Is Reduced by Various Causes
from Chapter 5: Animadversions on Some of the Writers Who Have Rendered Women Objects of Pity, Bordering on Contempt
from Chapter 6: The Effect Which an Early Association of Ideas Has Upon the Character
from Chapter 9: Of the Pernicious Effects Which Arise from the Unnatural Distinctions Established in Society
from Chapter 12: On National Education
from Chapter 13: Some Instances of the Folly Which the Ignorance of Women Generates; with Concluding Reflections on the Moral Improvement that a Revolution in Female Manners Might Naturally Be Expected to Produce

Edmund Burke

from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
from On "Geographical Morality"

Part IV: The Nineteenth Century

Benjamin Constant

The Liberty of Ancients Compared with that of Moderns (1816)

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807)

A. Independence and Dependence of Self-Consciousness: Lordship and Bondage

Philosophy of Right (1821)

from Preface
from Introduction
from Subdivisions
from Part One: Abstract Right
from Part Three: Ethical Life

Jeremy Bentham

An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1780, published 1789)

Chapter 1: Of the Principle of Utility
Chapter 4: Value of a Lot of Pleasure or Pain, How to Be Measured
Chapter 13: Cases Unmeet for Punishment

Offences against One's Self: Paederasty, Part 1 (1785)
Panopticon; or the Inspection-House (1787)

Letter 1: Idea of the Inspection House
Letter 2: Plan for a Penitentiary Inspection-House
Letter 5: Essential Points of the Plan
Letter 6: Advantages of the Plan

John Stuart Mill

On Liberty (1859)

from Chapter 1: Introductory
from Chapter 2: Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion
from Chapter 3: On Individuality, as One of the Elements of Well-being
from Chapter 4: Of the Limits of the Authority of Society Over the Individual
from Chapter 5: Applications

Considerations on Representative Government (1861)

from Chapter 10: Of the Mode of Voting
Chapter 16: Of Nationality, as Connected with Representative Government

Utilitarianism (1863)

from Chapter 2: What Utilitarianism Is
from Chapter 3: Of the Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility
from Chapter 5: On the Connection between Justice and Utility

from The Subjection of Women (1869)

Harriet (Hardy) Taylor Mill

The Enfranchisement of Women (1851)

Sojourner Truth

Speech Delivered at the Akron, Ohio Convention on Women's Rights, 1851

As Reported by the Anti-Slavery Bugle, 21 June 1851
As Reported by F.D. Gage for the National Anti-Slavery Standard, 2 May 1863

Alexis de Toqueville

Democracy in America (1835)

Chapter 5: On the Use that Americans Make of Public Associations in Civil Life
Chapter 6: Of the Relation between Associations and Newspapers
Chapter 7: The Relationship between Civil and Political Associations
Chapter 8: How Americans Combat Individualism with the Principle of Self-Interest Rightly Understand

Henry David Thoreau

from Civil Disobedience (1849)

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

On Bruno Bauer's On the Jewish Question (1843)
On Bruno Bauer's The Capacity for the Present-day Jews and Christians to Become Free (1843)
Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts (1844)

Estranged Labor
Private Property and Communism

The German Ideology (1845), A. Ideology in General, German Ideology in Particular
Theses On Feuerbach (1845)
The Communist Manifesto (1848)

1. Bourgeois and Proletarians
2. Proletarians and Communists
3. Socialist and Communist Literature
Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties

Critique of the Gotha Program (1875)

Friedrich Nietzsche

Beyond Good and Evil

from Part Five: A Natural History of Morals
from Part Nine: What is Noble?

On the Genealogy of Morals

from First Essay: Good and Evil, Good and Bad
from Second Essay: Guilt, Bad Conscience and Related Matters

Sources / Permission Acknowledgments

Index of Authors and Titles

'The selections are broader than in other works I have seen. The annotation is, as advertised, fuller than is usual in such works, and consistently helpful. All in all, this is an impressive workby far the best political anthology I have seen.' - George Klosko, Henry L. and Grace Doherty Professor, University of Virginia 'This is an admirable collection of primary readings, including sources not usually available in volumes of this kind. The introductory materials and annotations by the editors provide clear orientation on the primary texts, while noting debated questions. Highly recommended.' - Douglas Moggach, University of Ottawa 'Quite simply, this is a fantastic anthology. It includes not just the standard readings from the western canon but also important ones left out of most anthologies, including several by women. The anthology includes concise, accurate, and extremely helpful introductions, which include, uniquely, a discussion of 'common misperceptions' of each work. These introductions are perfectly pitched for an undergraduate audience.' - Darren Walhof, Grand Valley State University 'Broadview has long been one of my favorite presses because of its commitment to affordable but high-quality texts. This two-volume project in general and its first, historical volume in particular live up to that ideal, including extremely thoughtful but succinct editorial introductions and incorporating more than the most obvious canonical figures. Particularly heartening is to see included here many frequently-ignored woman theorists. Their inclusion is of more than antiquarian interest or a sign of the editors catering to current trends: the texts are important and help significantly enrich students' understanding, especially of the development of modern thought. I definitely intend to use The Broadview Anthology of Social and Political Thought in my introductory theory course in the future.' - Mika LaVaque-Manty, University of Michigan 'With its broader-than-usual range of political thinkers, including in particular more women authors, and its critical apparatus, the first volume of The Broadview Anthology of Social and Political Thought will be a most welcome resource for courses introducing students to political thinking from Thucydides to Nietzsche.' - Matthias Fritsch, Concordia University 'This unique volume accomplishes what few anthologies are able to: it is, at the same time, an excellent teaching tool and an indispensible part of any scholar's library. Its scope reflects thoughtful and inclusive choices. The explanatory commentaries which precede the work of each theorist are well presented, helpful, and in some cases, clear muddy waters by directly tackling common misconceptions. This is a 'must-have' resource for anyone studying or teaching political theory today.' - Avigail Eisenberg, University of Victoria 'This is a remarkable anthology, offering invaluable range and depth both in its selection of historical texts, and in the illuminating introductions which preface the work of each thinker. It will be a rich resource for students and tutors at all levels of the study of social and political ideas.' - Gideon Calder, University of Wales, Newport
General Editors:

Andrew Bailey, University of Guelph
Samantha Brennan, University of Western Ontario
Will Kymlicka, Queen's University
Jacob Levy, McGill University
Alex Sager, Portland State University
Clark Wolf, Iowa State