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Sustainable Peace: Power and Democracy after Civil Wars

by Philip G. Roeder and Donald Rothchild Cornell University Press
Pub Date:
Pbk 400 pages
AU$52.99 NZ$56.51
Product Status: In Stock Now
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How can leaders craft political institutions that will sustain the peace and foster democracy in ethnically divided societies after conflicts as destructive as civil wars? Under turbulent conditions the leaders of ethnic groups, governments, and international organizations face the challenge of designing political arrangements that can simultaneously meet the tests of equal representation, democratic accountability, effective governance, and political stability. At critical junctures in the transition from intense (often violent) conflict, power-sharing arrangements may offer a compromise acceptable to most ethnic elites. Philip G. Roeder and Donald Rothchild find that these short-term accommodations come with high longer-term costs: the very institutions that provide a basis to end a conflict in an ethnically divided country may hinder the consolidation of peace and democracy over the longer term.The contributors to Sustainable Peace examine institutional settlements in Ethiopia, Lebanon, India, and South Africa as well as the Soviet successor states, south Asia, central Africa, west Africa, and the Balkans. Roeder, Rothchild, and most of the contributors conclude that power-dividing, rather than power-sharing, solutions are more likely to result in durable political compacts and peace.
''Those of us who write about civil wars and intrastate conflict must now consider the innovative insights of Sustainable Peace, particularly its rejections of power sharing as a panacea. Philip G. Roeder and Donald Rothchild tease out better, novel, ideas from a range of important cases. We cannot neglect their findings.''-Robert I. Rotberg, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Philip G. Roeder is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author of Red Sunset: The Failure of Soviet Politics and coauthor of Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy. The late Donald Rothchild was Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. He was the author of Managing Ethnic Conflict in Africa: Pressures and Incentives for Cooperation, coauthor of Sovereignty as Responsibility: Conflict Management in Africa, and coeditor of The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation.