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Health and Labor Force Participation over the Life Cycle: Evidence from the Past

by Dora L. Costa University of Chicago Press
Pub Date:
Hbk 359 pages
AU$207.00 NZ$212.17
Product Status: Available in Approx 14 days
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The rise in life expectancies and retirement rates in the twentieth century has had dramatic impacts. Forecasting future trends in health and retirement rates, as we must do now, requires that we investigate underlying long-term trends and their causes. To that end, this book draws on new data--an extensive longitudinal survey of Union Army veterans who were born between and --to examine the factors that affected health and labor force participation in nineteenth-century America.Contributors consider the impacts of social class, wealth, occupation, family, and community on morbidity and mortality. Special topics include investigations of the influence of previous exposure to infectious disease, migration, and community factors such as lead in water mains. The papers also analyze the roles of income, health, and social class in retirement decisions, paying particular attention to the social context of disability.Economists and historians who specialize in demography or labor, as well as those who study public health, will welcome the unique contributions offered by this book.

Preface—Dora L. Costa1. Reflections on the Early Indicators Project: A Partial History2. The Rich and the Dead: Socioeconomic Status and Mortality in the United States, 1850-18603. Prior Exposure to Disease and Later Health and Mortality: Evidence from Civil War Medical Records4. Seasoning Disease Environment, and Conditions of Exposure: New York Union Army Regiments and Soldiers5. The Height of Union Army Recruits: Family and Community Influences6. The Prevalence of Chronic Respiratory Disease in the Industrial Era: The United States, 1895-19107. The Significance of Lead Water Mains in American Cities: Some Historical Evidence8. Internal Migration, Return Migration, and Mortality: Evidence from Panel Data on Union Army Veterans9. Pensions and Labor Force Participation of Civil War Veterans10. The Effect of Hernias on the Labor Force Participation of Union Army VeteransConclusionAppendix A: Merged Mortality and Population Schedules from the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1850 and 1860Appendix B: Properties and Availability of the Union Army Life-Cycle SampleContributorsAuthor IndexSubject Index

Dora L. Costa is a professor of economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. She is the author of The Evolution of Retirement: An American Economic History, 1880-1990, published by the University of Chicago Press.