Order Inspection Copy

To order an inspection copy of this book you must be an Academic or Teacher. Please complete this form before adding to cart. To fulfill your inspection copy request, we require the following information about your position and campus.

* Required Fields

To complete your Inspection Copy Request you will need to click the Checkout button in the right margin and complete the checkout formalities. You can include Inspection Copies and purchased items in the same shopping cart, see our Inspection Copy terms for further information.

Any Questions? Please email our text Support Team on text@footprint.com.au


Email this to a friend

* ALL required Fields

Order Inspection Copy

An inspection copy has been added to your shopping cart

Future of the Middle East: Faith, Force, and Finance

by Monte Palmer Rowman and Littlefield
Pub Date:
Hbk 216 pages
AU$55.99 NZ$57.39
Product Status: In Stock Now
add to your cart
This deeply informed book considers the intertwined roles of faith, force, and finance in shaping the modern Middle East, including the relentless surge of terror in the region and beyond. Monte Palmer provides lessons learned from ten critical periods, beginning with World War I through the current chaos and stalemate.


1 The Power of Faith, Force, and Finance

The Power of Faith

The Power of Force

The Power of Finance

Arms Purchases as Power

Gifts as Soft Influence and Image Building

Finance as the Key to Regional Control

Finance as Alliance Building

Finance as a Social Contract

Using Finance to Promote Faith and Force

The United States' Soft Power in the Middle East

Between Faith, Force, and Finance

2 World War I Sets the Stage for the Modern Middle East (1914n++1940)

Turkey: Force versus Islam

Egypt: The Muslim Brotherhood Pits Popular Islam against Colonialism

Israel: Palestine Becomes a Homeland for the Jews

Iraq: British Control of the Iraqi Shia

Lessons Learned




The Balance of Faith, Force, and Finance

3 World War II Reshapes the Middle East (1940n++1967)

Egypt and Arab Unity: Using Charisma, Nationalism, and Socialism as Faith Alternatives to Islam

Israel Reborn: War, Peace, and Biblical Prophecy

Saudi Arabia: Tribal Force, Islamic Faith, and the Country's Creation

Iran: The Danger of Puppet Rulers

Lessons Learned

4 A Surge of Religious Extremism (1967n++1980)

Egypt: Arab Nationalism Collapses and Religious

Extremism Surges

Israel: Force Gives Way to Extremism

Saudi Arabia: Finance to the Fore

Syria and Iraq: Minority Rule

Iraq: Same Formula, Different Faith

Lessons Learned

5 Religious Violence Unleashed (1975n++1990)

Egypt: The Rise of Salafi-Jihadist Terror and the Muslim Brotherhood

The Peaceful Salafi and the Salafi-Jihadists

Salafi-Jihadists versus the Muslim Brotherhood: How They Differ

Saudi Arabia: The Expansion of Salafi Doctrine

Iran: The First Islamic State in the Modern Era

Using Faith to Build a Nation

Transforming Faith into Military Force

Lessons Learned

6 The Era of Peace, Stability, and Illusion (1990n++2000)

How the Collapse of the Soviet Union Fueled Islamic Extremism in the Middle East

Control of the Middle Eastern Tyrants

The Passing of the Ayatollah Khomeini and the Transfer of Faith

The Illusion of Peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians

The Formation of International Islamic Terrorist Networks

The Turabi Terrorist Network

Lessons Learned

7 The Era of Global Terror and Counter-Terror (2000n++2010)

Afghanistan and the Restructuring of Bin-Laden's Al-Qaeda Network

The War on Terror Expands into Iraq

Israel and the War on Terror

Saudi Arabia and the War of Terror

Lessons Learned

8 The Era of Islamic Rule (2010n++2013)

Islam Lite: The Turkish Model

Egypt: Why Rule by the Muslim Brotherhood Failed

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)

Is Iran a Greater Threat than ISIS?

Lessons Learned

9 The Old Order Strikes Back (2017)

The United States Forges an Alliance of Peace and Stability to Build a New Middle East

Turkey as a Link between the Past and Present

Israel Strikes Back at the New Islamic Order

Egypt: The United States Declares Coups the First Step toward Democracy

Saudi Arabia: Can the Protector of Islam Protect Itself from Islam?

Lessons Learned

10 Solutions to an Era of Stalemate (Post-2017)

The Stairway to Terror

Step 1. Festering Frustration

Step 2: Despair Breeds Violent Groups

Step 3: Seeking and Risk Taking

Step 4: Weeding Out the Chaff

Step 5: Becoming a Warrior for God

Step 6: Consolidation and Globalization

The Failure of Prevailing Counter-Terror

Harsh Realities and Lessons Learned

Five Vital Problems to Be Addressed

Stopping the Terrorists

Preventing the Despair Base of Terror

Preventing Religious Extremists from Exploiting the Despair of the Masses

Working with Islam

Resolving Conflicts that Trigger Violence in the Middle East


Stop the Terror without Accentuating the Causes and Facilitators of Terror

Prevent the Despair Base of Terror

Use Moderate Islam as a Solution to Extremism

Integrate Muslims into the World Community

Resolve Conflicts Triggering Violence in the Middle East

Ultimate Solutions

Works Cited

About the Author

Monte Palmer has developed an important framework to evaluate the Middle East's complex ongoing turmoil. As he analyzes his three concepts of faith, force, and finance, he adds a fourth essential dimensionn++the role of major powers in the game of force. His indispensable book provides a critical assessment of the Middle East at large.
Monte Palmer is professor emeritus of government at Florida State University, where he directed the Middle East Studies Center. He was also director of the Center for Arab and Middle Eastern Studies at the American University of Beirut from 1998 to 2000. His books include The Arab Psyche and American Frustrations, Politics in the Middle East, and Islamic Extremism: Causes, Diversity, and Challenges.