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Garden and the Workshop: Essays on the Cultural History of Vienna and Budapest

by Peter Hanak Princeton Legacy Library
Pub Date:
07/2014
ISBN:
9780691606798
Format:
Pbk 274 pages
Price:
AU$69.00 NZ$72.17
Product Status: Available in Approx 5 days
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A century ago, Vienna and Budapest were the capital cities of the western and eastern halves of the increasingly unstable Austro-Hungarian empire and scenes of intense cultural activity. Vienna was home to such figures as Sigmund Freud, Gustav Klimt, and Hugo von Hofmannsthal; Budapest produced such luminaries as Bela Bartok, Georg Lukacs, and Michael and Karl Polanyi. However, as Peter Hanak shows in these vignettes of Fin-de-Siecle life, the intellectual and artistic vibrancy common to the two cities emerged from deeply different civic cultures. Hanak surveys the urban development of the two cities and reviews the effects of modernization on various aspects of their cultures. He examines the process of physical change, as rapid population growth, industrialization, and the rising middle class ushered in a new age of tenements, suburbs, and town planning. He investigates how death and its rituals--once the domain of church, family, and local community--were transformed by the commercialization of burials and the growing bureaucratic control of graveyards. He explores the mentality of common soldiers and their families--mostly of peasant origin--during World War I, detecting in letters to and from the front a shift toward a revolutionary mood among Hungarians in particular. He presents snapshots of such subjects as the mentality of the nobility, operettas and musical life, and attitudes toward Germans and Jews, and also reveals the striking relationship between social marginality and cultural creativity. In comparing the two cities, Hanak notes that Vienna, famed for its spacious parks and gardens, was often characterized as a ''garden'' of esoteric culture. Budapest, however, was a dense city surrounded by factories, whose cultural leaders referred to the offices and cafes where they met as ''workshops.'' These differences were reflected, he argues, in the contrast between Vienna's aesthetic and individualistic culture and Budapest's more moralistic and socially engaged approach. Like Carl Schorske's famous Fin-de-Siecle Vienna, Hanak's book paints a remarkable portrait of turn-of-the-century life in Central Europe. Its particular focus on mass culture and everyday life offers important new insights into cultural currents that shaped the course of the twentieth century. Originally published in 1999. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.


List of Illustrations
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introductory Reflections on Cultural History
Ch. 1Urbanization and Civilization: Vienna and Budapest in the Nineteenth Century3
Ch. 2The Image of the Germans and the Jews in the Hungarian Mirror of the Nineteenth Century44
Ch. 3The Garden and the Workshop: Reflections on Fin-de-Siecle Culture in Vienna and Budapest63
Ch. 4The Alienation of Death in Budapest and Vienna at the Turn of the Century98
Ch. 5The Start of Endre Ady's Literary Career (1903-1905)110
Ch. 6The Cultural Role of the Vienna-Budapest Operetta135
Ch. 7Social Marginality and Cultural Creativity in Vienna and Budapest (1890-1914)147
Ch. 8Vox Populi: Intercepted Letters in the First World War179
Notes213
Index241




P├ęter Hanak was, until his death in 1997, Professor of History at the Central European University in Budapest.