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Psychology and Law: Research and Practice 2ed

by Curtis R. Bartol and Anne M. Bartol SAGE Publications, Inc
Pub Date:
Pbk 496 pages
AU$219.00 NZ$226.09
Product Status: Available in Approx 14 days
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Psychology and Law: Research and Practice, 2nd Edition offers the definitive perspective on the practical application of psychological research to the law. Curt R. Bartol and Anne M. Bartol emphasize throughout the text the various roles psychologists and other mental health professionals can play. Insight is offered into the application of psychology in criminal and non-criminal legal matters. Topics such as family law, mental health evaluations, police interrogation, jury selection and decision making, involuntary civil commitment, and various civil capacities are included. This comprehensive book examines complex material in detail and explains it in an easy-to-read way. The authors emphasize the major contributions psychological research has made to the law, and encourage critical analysis through examples of court cases, high-profile current events, and research.

New to This Edition

  • The new edition has been significantly reorganized to more closely align with the progression through the court system.

  • A new chapter on children, adolescents, and the criminal law (Chapter 8) is now included.

  • Thirty-two new boxes are included, which fall under three themes: case studies, research projects, and contemporary topics. Most boxes now include questions for discussion or further thought.

  • New court cases and statutes have been integrated into chapters as relevant.

  • Increased coverage of contemporary issues like telepsychology, neuropsychology, adversarial allegiance, and actuarial instruments used in bail and sentence decision-making.

  • Updated coverage of adolescent capability and criminal culpability in the eyes of the courts.

  • Greater emphasis on Steinberg’s dual system model, and increased coverage of adolescent neuroplasticity.

  • Increased coverage of child welfare evaluations and parental alienation syndrome, which has gained attention in some family courts but has not been documented in the psychological research.

  • More coverage of juvenile interrogation, false confessions, and plea bargaining.

  • More in-depth descriptions of U.S, Supreme Court cases and how they affect the research and practice of psychology.

  • Emphases on differences between duty to warn and duty to protect and the wide variations in state laws that reference these duties.

  • Discussion of risk communication and the various models proposed for that purpose.

  • More emphasis on research in jury and judicial decision-making, including discussion of implicit and explicit bias.

  • Addition of over 300 recent research findings on topics related to psychology and law.

About the Authors
CHAPTER 1. Introduction
Goals and Definitions
Psychology and Law: Three Approaches
Ways of Knowing and the Methods of Science
Ethical Guidelines
Psychology and Law: A Challenging Alliance
Defining and Classifying Law
Psychology and Law: Some Differences
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 2. Psychology and the Courts: An Overview
Organization of the Courts
Specialized Courts: Drug and Mental Health Courts
The Judicial Process
The Psychologist as an Expert Witness
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 3. The Criminal Investigative Process
Overview of Profiling
Paths to Admission of Evidence
Investigative Interviewing and Interrogation
Detection of Deception
The Interrogation Process
The Psychology of False Confessions
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 4. Eyewitness Evidence
A Brief Word on Research Methodology
Human Perception and Memory
Estimator and System Variables
Eyewitness Estimator Variables
Eyewitness System Variables
Preserving the Integrity of the System
Pretrial Identification Methods
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 5. The Trial Jury
Overview of the Trial Jury
Jury Research
Jury Selection
Jury Size and Decision Rule
Jury Nullification
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 6. Jury and Judicial Decision Making
The Jury Decision-Making Process
Influences on Jury Decision Making
Deciding on Death Sentence: A Special Issue
Damage Awards in Civil Cases: Another Special Issue
Judicial Decision Making
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 7. Competencies and Criminal Responsibility
Competency to Stand Trial (CST)
Competency Assessment Instruments
Competency Restoration
Clinical Assessment of Criminal Responsibility
Special Conditions and Unique Defenses
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 8. Children, Adolescents, and the Criminal Law
Brief History and Overview of the Juvenile Court
Adolescent Development as It Pertains to the Law
Adolescent Competence and Culpability
Juvenile Competency
Juvenile Interrogation and False Confessions
Plea Bargaining
Children as Witnesses
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 9. Psychology and Family Law
The Modern Family Court
Changes in Family Court in Recent Years
Divorce and Child Custody
The Psychological Effects of Divorce and Custodial Arrangements
The Roles of Mental Health Professionals in Child Custody Cases
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
Contemporary Special Issues in Custody Decision Making
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 10. Involuntary Civil Commitment
A Brief History
Modern Commitment Statutes
Civil Commitment Proceedings
Duty to Warn or Protect
Research on Dangerousness
Involuntary Outpatient Commitment
Voluntary Commitments
Informed Consent and the Right to Refuse Treatment
Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 11. Psychology in Civil Litigation
Civil Capacities
End-of-Life Issues
Psychology in the Employment Sphere
Wrongful Death and Personal Injury Suits
Psychology in the Educational Sphere
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
CHAPTER 12. Psychological Assessment and the Law
Forensic Assessment in Civil Cases
Psychological Assessment in Criminal Cases
Forensic Classifications of Assessment and Testing
Clinical Measures and Assessment Techniques
Forensically Relevant Instruments (FRIs)
Forensic Assessment Instruments (FAIs)
Forensic Evaluations in Delinquency Cases
Summary and Conclusions
Key Concepts
Cases Cited
Author Index
Subject Index

“… this is a fact filled, comprehensive textbook with illustrations in the form of charts, tables and figures that support the text. The case and research studies further support the narrative in the textbook. Critical thinking questions imbedded in these studies help students to utilize critical thinking skills and demonstrate their knowledge of course information. This is a must use textbook for any instructor teaching about the interface of psychology & the law.”
Curt R. Bartol was a college professor for more than 30 years, teaching a wide variety of both undergraduate and graduate courses, including Biopsychology, Criminal Behavior, Juvenile Delinquency, Introduction to Forensic Psychology, Social Psychology, Profiling, and Psychology and Law. He earned his PhD in personality/social psychology from Northern Illinois University in 1972. He studied political science and law at the University of Wisconsin-Madison under a fellowship from the National Institute for the Humanities (NIH). He was instrumental in creating and launching Castleton State College's graduate program in forensic psychology and served as its director for 6 years. As a licensed clinical psychologist, he has been a consulting police psychologist to local, municipal, state, and federal law enforcement agencies for over 30 years. In addition to Introduction to Forensic Psychology, he has coauthored Criminal Behavior: A Psychosocial Approach (now in its 11th ed.), Juvenile Delinquency and Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Perspective (3rd ed.), Criminal and Behavioral Profiling, and Psychology and Law: Theory, Research, and Application (3rd ed.). He served as editor of SAGE's Criminal Justice and Behavior: An International Journal, for 17 years. He also co-edited Current Perspectives in Forensic Psychology and Criminal Behavior (3rd ed.). Anne M. Bartol earned an MA and a PhD in criminal justice from State University of New York at Albany. She also holds an MA in journalism from the University of WisconsinGÇôMadison. She taught criminal justice, sociology, and journalism courses over a 20-year college teaching career and has worked as a journalist and a social worker in child and adolescent protective services. In addition to Introduction to Forensic Psychology, she has coauthored Juvenile Delinquency: A Systems Approach; Delinquency and Justice: A Psychosocial Approach; Psychology and Law: Theory, Research, and Application; Criminal Behavior; and Criminal and Behavioral Profiling. She co-edited Current Perspectives, has served as book review editor and managing editor of Criminal Justice and Behavior and has published articles on women and criminal justice, rural courts, and the history of forensic psychology.