Smoking Cessation (APA # 4310588)by Bonnie J Spring American Psychological Association
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The APA Psychotherapy Video Series III presents distinguished psychotherapists demonstrating specific treatments for specific health problems. Hosted by Jon Carlson, PsyD, EdD, each practical, informative, and entertaining video provides you with over 100 minutes of insight into the use of these treatments, including A provocative discussion between the host, Dr. Jon Carlson, and a leading expert in the featured therapy about major theories in behavioral health. An actual therapy session with a real client and the featured therapist demonstrating how to apply behavioral health principles. A lively question-and-answer exchange between Dr. Carlson and the featured therapist reviewing the session and explaining how the theories were put into practice in the actual session. Each video is over 100 minutes and is available in VHS format. Bonnie J. Spring, PhD, is currently a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Chicago and research scientist at Hines Hospital VA Medical Center. She is a licensed clinical psychologist and a Diplomate of the American Board of Professional Psychology in health psychology. Her major research and clinical interests focus on the mechanisms that underly cigarette smoking and obesity and on developing interventions to promote smoking cessation and other healthful behavior changes. Smoking Cessation: Synopsis of Therapy Approach Multicomponent behavioral treatment to help individuals quit smoking integrates different intervention techniques that have been empirically validated to promote smoking cessation. Cigarette smoking is conceptualized as a biopsychosocial phenomenon. An underlying premise is that some smokers are physically dependent on nicotine and can expect quitting to bring on withdrawal symptoms. In addition, all smokers are psychologically dependent on smoking and need to learn new skills that will enable them to react to triggers by substituting new behaviors in place of smoking. Treatment design is tailored to the individual and is based on an initial assessment of the pattern of smoking behavior and reasons for smoking. The client self-monitors the triggers and consequences of smoking to establish the temporal pattern of smoking urges and the contingencies that reinforce the habit. That information, paired with the client's self-perceived reasons for smoking, supports a functional analysis of the behavior pattern, which reveals how the smoker self-administers nicotine to self-regulate negative mood, other comorbidities, appetite and body weight, concentration, or pleasure. As clients learn their smoking cues, they develop new skills in avoiding triggers and responding to smoking urges by performing behaviors incompatible with smoking. Through behavioral experiments in which they successfully resist the urge to smoke, clients increase self-efficacy, begin to build new habits, and learn healthier ways of giving themselves pleasure. Treatment may incorporate cessation aides, such as nicotine replacement or pharmacotherapy whose efficacy in quitting smoking are supported by research evidence, if use of the tool meets the client's treatment preferences. Motivation to quit is heightened by the use of scaling exercises that highlight discrepancies between being a smoker and core personal values. Clients are encouraged to identify and use social supports to sustain motivation and buffer against the challenges associated with quitting.