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Other Digital China: Nonconfrontational Activism on the Social Web

by Jing Wang Harvard University Press
Pub Date:
12/2019
ISBN:
9780674980921
Format:
Hbk 320 pages
Price:
AU$79.00 NZ$80.87
Product Status: In Stock Now
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A scholar and activist tells the story of change makers operating within the Chinese Communist system, whose ideas of social action necessarily differ from those dominant in Western, liberal societies.


 


The Chinese government has increased digital censorship under Xi Jinping. Why? Because online activism works; it is perceived as a threat in halls of power. In The Other Digital China, Jing Wang, a scholar at MIT and an activist in China, shatters the view that citizens of nonliberal societies are either brainwashed or complicit, either imprisoned for speaking out or paralyzed by fear. Instead, Wang shows the impact of a less confrontational kind of activism. Whereas Westerners tend to equate action with open criticism and street revolutions, Chinese activists are building an invisible and quiet coalition to bring incremental progress to their society.


 


Many Chinese change makers practice nonconfrontational activism. They prefer to walk around obstacles rather than break through them, tactfully navigating between what is lawful and what is illegitimate. The Other Digital China describes this massive gray zone where NGOs, digital entrepreneurs, university students, IT companies like Tencent and Sina, and tech communities operate. They study the policy winds in Beijing, devising ways to press their case without antagonizing a regime where taboo terms fluctuate at different moments. What emerges is an ever-expanding networked activism on a grand scale. Under extreme ideological constraints, the majority of Chinese activists opt for neither revolution nor inertia. They share a mentality common in China: rules are meant to be bent, if not resisted.

Introduction: Walking around the Obstacles


1. Nonconfrontational Activism and the Chinese “Social”


2. NGO2.0 and Social Media Activism: Activist as Researcher


3. WeChat versus Weibo: Microblogging and Peer-to-Peer Philanthropy


4. Millennials as Change Agents on the Social Web


5. Makers and Tech4Good Culture


6. Participatory Action Research and the Chinese Challenge


Conclusion: Between Star Trek and Brave New World?


Notes


Bibliography


Acknowledgments


Index

“Drawing on firsthand experience and rich data, The Other Digital China reveals a vast gray zone of nonconfrontational activism for social change. This mundane activism is propelled by social media and practiced by NGOs, entrepreneurs, state actors, programmers, and ordinary citizens. Written in spirited prose, this important book brings provocative new perspectives into the debates on digital politics and society.” - Guobin Yang, University of Pennsylvania

“A very important book. Jing Wang’s exploration of how certain kinds of NGOs are using China’s hyperactive media tools to engage in novel forms of social action ‘for good’ is extremely innovative and provides wonderfully rich empirical descriptions of contemporary social life. Everyone who cares about politics and media systems in China should be paying attention to what Wang calls ‘Activism 2.0.’” - Judith B. Farquhar, University of Chicago

“This book offers a unique and timely perspective on social media and civil society in China. The author builds on her own experiences to show how the use of digital technologies has given rise to new forms of civic engagements. Jing Wang provides ample examples of how the post-1980s and post-1990s generations are drawn to the culture of ‘tech4good’ and social media for social good thanks to the affordances of new technologies.” - Marina Svensson, Lund University
Jing Wang is Professor of Chinese Media and Cultural Studies, S. C. Fang Professor of Chinese Language and Culture, and Director of the New Media Action Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She has received fellowships from the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Studies, the National Humanities Center, and the Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation, and is a recipient of the Overseas Distinguished Professor Award given by China's Ministry of Education. She is the Founder and Secretary General of NGO2.0, a nonprofit in China specializing in technology-driven and social mediaGÇôpowered activism, and is the author of Brand New China: Advertising, Media, and Commercial Culture (Harvard); The Story of Stone; and High Culture Fever: Politics, Aesthetics, and Ideology in Deng's China.