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Natural History of Human Morality

by Michael Tomasello Harvard University Press
Pub Date:
09/2018
ISBN:
9780674986824
Format:
Pbk 208 pages
Price:
AU$38.99 NZ$41.73
Product Status: Available in Approx 7 days
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Winner of a PROSE Award, Association of American Publishers
Shortlist, Cognitive Development Society Book Award
A Choice Outstanding Academic Title of the Year


A Natural History of Human Morality offers the most detailed account to date of the evolution of human moral psychology. Based on extensive experimental data comparing great apes and human children, Michael Tomasello reconstructs how early humans gradually became an ultra-cooperative and, eventually, a moral species.

“Tomasello is convincing, above all, because he has run many of the relevant studies (on chimps, bonobos and children) himself. He concludes by emphasizing the powerful influence of broad cultural groups on modern humans…Tomasello also makes an endearing guide, appearing happily amazed that morality exists at all.”
—Michael Bond, New Scientist

“Most evolutionary theories picture humans as amoral ‘monads’ motivated by self-interest. Tomasello presents an innovative and well-researched, hypothesized natural history of two key evolutionary steps leading to full-blown morality.”
—S. A. Mason, Choice

Preface


1. The Interdependence Hypothesis


2. Evolution of Cooperation


Foundations of Cooperation


Great Ape Cooperation


Kin- and Friend-Based Prosociality


3. Second-Personal Morality


Collaboration and Helping


Joint Intentionality


Second-Personal Agency


Joint Commitment


The Original “Ought”


4. “Objective” Morality


Culture and Loyalty


Collective Intentionality


Cultural Agency


Moral Self-Governance


The Original Right and Wrong


Coda: After the Garden of Eden


5. Human Morality as Cooperation-Plus


Theories of the Evolution of Morality


Shared Intentionality and Morality


The Role of Ontogeny


Conclusion


Notes


References


Index

“Tomasello is convincing, above all, because he has run many of the relevant studies (on chimps, bonobos and children) himself. He concludes by emphasizing the powerful influence of broad cultural groups on modern humans… Tomasello also makes an endearing guide, appearing happily amazed that morality exists at all.”—Michael Bond, New Scientist


“If you’re after a definitive guide to explain how humans became an ultra-cooperative and, eventually, moral species, this must be it. Evolutionary anthropologist Michael Tomasello has followed his last book, A Natural History of Human Thinking, with another hard hitter.”—New Scientist


“This is an extremely worthwhile addition to the literature on the evolution of morality. It is well written and strikes an excellent balance between easy accessibility and nuanced and novel ideas. This book will appeal to students and researchers from a range of disciplines.”—Richard Joyce, author of The Evolution of Morality


“This is an important synthesis of the ideas Tomasello has been developing over a number of years, extended with an offer of a philosophically relevant genealogy of morality. Readers will learn much from this informed review of the extensive literature on the evolution of morality—a substantial part of which consists of the major contributions Tomasello and his colleagues have made.”—Philip Kitcher, author of The Ethical Project
Michael Tomasello is Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University. From 1998 to 2018 he was Co-Director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, and in 2017 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His scientific work has been recognized by institutions around the world, including the Guggenheim Foundation, the British Academy, the Royal Academy of Netherlands, and the German National Academy of Sciences.