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Evidence-Based Policy: A Realist Perspective

by Ray Pawson SAGE Publications Ltd
Pub Date:
04/2006
ISBN:
9781412910590
Format:
Hbk 208 pages
Price:
AU$292.00 NZ$298.26
Product Status: Available in Approx 14 days
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In this important new book, Ray Pawson examines the recent spread of evidence-based policy making across the Western world. Few major public initiatives are mounted these days in the absence of a sustained attempt to evaluate them. Programmes are tried, tried and tried again and researched, researched and researched again. And yet it is often difficult to know which interventions, and which inquiries, will withstand the test of time. The evident solution, going by the name of evidence-based policy, is to take the longer view. Rather than relying on one-off studies, it is wiser to look to the 'weight of evidence'. Accordingly, it is now widely agreed the most useful data to support policy decisions will be culled from systematic reviews of all the existing research in particular policy domains. This is the consensual starting point for Ray Pawson's latest foray into the world of evaluative research. But this is social science after all and harmony prevails only in the first chapter. Thereafter, Pawson presents a devastating critique of the dominant approach to systematic review - namely the 'meta-analytic' approach as sponsored by the Cochrane and Campbell collaborations. In its place is commended an approach that he terms 'realist synthesis'. On this vision, the real purpose of systematic review is better to understand programme theory, so that policies can be properly targeted and developed to counter an ever-changing landscape of social problems. The book will be essential reading for all those who loved (or loathed) the arguments developed in Realistic Evaluation (Sage, 1997). It offers a complete blueprint for research synthesis, supported by detailed illustrations and worked examples from across the policy waterfront. It will be of especial interest to policy-makers, practitioners, researchers and students working in health, education, employment, social care, criminal justice, regeneration and welfare.

Evidence-Based Policy The Promise of Systematic Review Realist Methodology The Building Blocks of Evidence Systematic Obfuscation A Critical Analysis of the Meta-Analytic Approach Realist Synthesis New Protocols For Systematic Review Reviewing Implementation Processes Megan's Law Reviewing Inner Mechanisms Youth Mentoring Reviewing Outer Contexts Naming and Shaming Conclusion Flying 'The Tattered Flag of Enlightenment'

"This book is an excellent resource for evaluators who wish to inform policy decisions with collective insights gained from diverse threads of relevant literature...This book is timely in its emphasis on the complex, multifaceted nexus between evidence and policy."
Given my job title, it will come as no surprise that my main interest lies in research methodology. This does not quite bracket me with the technical nerds, however, for I have written widely on the philosophy and practice of research, covering methods qualitative and quantitative, pure and applied, contemporaneous and historical. There is a common 'realist' thread underlying every word, albeit a modest, middle-range, empirically-rich kind of realism.