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Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults 2ed

by Debra Rose Human Kinetics
Pub Date:
08/2018
ISBN:
9781450431064
Format:
Hbk 432 pages
Price:
AU$247.00 NZ$253.91
Product Status: In Stock Now
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Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, is the most comprehensive text available for current and future fitness professionals who want to design and implement effective, safe, and fun physical activity programs for older adults with diverse functional capabilities.

Along with an updated review of the research and literature, the second edition introduces a new chapter on the concept of whole-person wellness. It offers strategies for integrating the six dimensions of whole-person wellness (physical, emotional, intellectual, vocational, spiritual, and social) into health promotion and physical activity programs for older adults.

This cohesive blend of theory, practical content, and detailed instruction is divided into four parts, each of which addresses one or more of the nine training modules that comprise International Curriculum Guidelines for Preparing Physical Activity Instructors of Older Adults, the expert-developed guidelines on which this text is based:

• Part I presents an overview of the physiological aspects of aging and the field of gerokinesiology to help readers understand the psychosocial and cognitive benefits derived from regular physical activity.

• Part II leads readers through the process of conducting preexercise health screenings and assessments, providing meaningful feedback to clients, evaluating program outcomes, and helping clients develop short- and long-term behavioral goals.

• Part III emphasizes programming principles and training methods that will facilitate the development of well-rounded and effective exercise programs. It includes specific activities for engaging older adults mentally, emotionally, socially, and spiritually along with myriad dynamic and static flexibility exercises to address joint and muscle flexibility, muscle strength, balance, mobility, endurance, and power.

• Part IV focuses on the teaching, motivation, communication, and leadership skills that are necessary for creating effective and safe programs for older adults, with or without specific medical conditions.

The text also offers a variety of features devised to enhance reader understanding and learning retention. Chapters begin with a list of objectives to familiarize readers with the key concepts they will learn, and each chapter concludes with thought-provoking study questions and practical application activities to help readers use the information with real-world scenarios to prepare them to design well-rounded physical activity programs. Other student-friendly elements include chapter summaries and key terms. The content is supplemented with photos, figures, and tables, making the book interesting and visually appealing. Those graphical elements are included in an image bank for instructors to use in creating customized presentations for their course.

Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, offers students and fitness professionals a contemporary approach that embraces a comprehensive wellness framework for designing health promotion and physical activity programs for older adults.

Part I. Overview of Aging and Physical Activity

Chapter 1. The Field of Gerokinesiology

Debra J. Rose and Dawn A. Skelton

Demographics of Older Adults

Benefits of Physical Activity

Defining Old Age

Gerokinesiology: An Expanding Field of Study

Curriculum Development

Later Life Training Curricula: The Gold Standard for Instructor Training?

Career Opportunities

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 2. Predictors of Successful Aging

Debra J. Rose

Biological Theories of Aging

Psychological Theories of Aging

Sociological Theories of Aging

Models of Successful Aging

Physical Activity as a Determinant of Successful Aging

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 3. Psychological and Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity for Older Adults

Kathleen S. Wilson

Aging Stereotypes

Psychosocial Benefits of Physical Activity

Promoting Physical Activity

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 4. Physiological Aspects of Aging

Priscilla G. MacRae

Cardiovascular Function

Respiratory Function

Muscle Function

Skeletal Function

Nervous System Function

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Part II. Screening, Assessment, and Goal Setting

Chapter 5. Preexercise and Health Screening

Debra J. Rose

Preexercise Screening

Screening Steps

Additional Screening Tools

Implications for Program Design and Management

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 6. Physical and Functional Assessments

C. Jessie Jones and Roberta E. Rikli

Functional Fitness Framework

Considerations for Test Selection and Evaluation

Recommended Assessment Tools

Guidelines for Group Physical Performance Testing

Interpreting Test Results

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 7. Goal Setting and Behavioral Management

Sara Wilcox and Abby C. King

Factors Influencing Older Adults’ Exercise Participation

Theoretical Frameworks for Behavior Change

Physically Active Lifestyles

Implications for Program Design and Management

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Part III. Core Program Principles and Training Methods

Chapter 8. Important Considerations When Designing Exercise Programs for Older Adults

Debra J. Rose

Heterogeneity of Older Adults

Optimizing Physical Function Through Exercise

Exercise Principles for Program Design

Specific Exercise Principles for Older Adults

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 9. Whole-Person Wellness for Successful Aging

Janis M. Montague, Debra J. Rose, and Judy Aprile

Wellness: A Change in Perspective and Perception

Defining Wellness: A Historical Perspective

Whole-Person Wellness: A Comprehensive Perspective

Whole-Person Wellness and Successful Aging: A Winning Combination

Defining the Dimensions of Wellness

Applying the Dimensions of Wellness

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 10. Principles of the Warm-Up and Cool-Down

Mary Ann Kluge

Warming Up

Goal Setting

Assessing Participant Readiness

Increasing the Challenge

Engaging Participants Socially and Emotionally

New Warm-Up Strategies

Cooling Down

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 11. Flexibility Training

Debra J. Rose

Age-Associated Changes in Flexibility

Types of Stretching Techniques

Incorporating Flexibility Training Into the Exercise Program

Examples of Flexibility Exercises

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 12. Resistance Training

Joseph Signorile

Benefits of Resistance Training

Principles of Resistance Training

Training Variables

Resistance Training Conditions and Modalities

Resistance Training for Older Adults

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 13. Aerobic Endurance Training

Susie Dinan-Young and Dawn A. Skelton

Benefits of Aerobic Endurance Training for Older Adults

Principles and Considerations for Aerobic Endurance Training

Variables for Aerobic Endurance Training

Training Precautions and Considerations

Implications for Program Design and Management

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 14. Balance and Mobility Training

Debra J. Rose

Age-Associated Changes in Balance and Mobility

Balance and Mobility Exercises

Manipulating the Challenge in a Group Setting

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Part IV. Program Design, Leadership, and Risk Management

Chapter 15. Applying Movement Analysis and Motor Learning Principles to Program Design

Debra J. Rose

Nervous and Musculoskeletal System Changes and Motor Skill Learning

Movement Analysis of Skills

Motor Learning Principles for the Physical Activity Instructor

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 16. Teaching and Leadership Skills

Helen Hawley-Hague and Susie Dinan-Young

Developing Your Leadership Style

Developing Your Instructional Methods, Techniques, and Strategies

Advancing Your Instructional Skills and Strategies

Developing Your Leadership Skills

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 17. Exercise Considerations for Medical Conditions

Matthew J. Peterson

Cardiovascular Conditions

Pulmonary Disorders

Diabetes

Musculoskeletal Conditions

Neurological and Cognitive Conditions

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Chapter 18. Legal Standards, Risk Management, and Professional Ethics

Debra J. Rose

The Law and the Physical Activity Instructor

Risk Management Plans

Ethical Guidelines for the Physical Activity Instructor

Summary

Key Terms

Recommended Reading

Study Questions

Application Activities

Appendix A. International Curriculum Guidelines for Preparing Physical Activity Instructors of Older Adults

Appendix B. IDEA Code of Ethics for Personal Trainers

Appendix C. IDEA Code of Ethics for Group Fitness Instructors

Debra Rose, PhD, is a professor in the division of kinesiology and health science and director of the Center for Successful Aging at California State University at Fullerton. She also serves as codirector of the Fall Prevention Center of Excellence at the University of Southern California. Her primary research focus is on the enhancement of mobility, postural control, and the prevention of falls in later years.

Rose is nationally and internationally recognized for her work in assessment and programming for fall risk reduction. Her research in fall risk reduction in the elderly has been published in numerous peer-reviewed publications, including the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurology Report, and the Journal of Aging and Physical Activity—where she also served as an editor in chief. She was an expert contributor to Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age, published by the World Health Organization in 2007.

Rose is the creator of the innovative fall risk reduction program FallProof™, which was recognized by the Health Promotion Institute of the National Council on Aging (NCOA) in 2006 as a Best Practice program in health promotion. This program is currently being implemented in numerous community-based settings and retirement communities throughout the United States.

Rose was also the recipient of the 2013 Herbert A. DeVries Award for Distinguished Research on Aging from the American Association for Physical Activity and Recreation. She is a fellow and past president of the National Academy of Kinesiology (formerly American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education) and former executive board member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity.