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International Relations since 1945: East, West, North, South 8ed

by Geir Lundestad SAGE Publications Ltd
Pub Date:
Pbk 328 pages
AU$79.00 NZ$80.87
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Introducing the key events and developments in international relations, this authoritative and engaging book provides students with a clear understanding of the contemporary issues in international politics. Putting the foundations and contexts of International Relations at your fingertips, this Eighth Edition:

  • Provides an account of the world as it has evolved up to 1945

  • Extended coverage of topics including population, gender and the 

  • Includes expanded material on the theory of international relations

  • Includes new learning resources, including an ‘alternative perspectives’ box in each chapter

  • Supports research with fully updated and annotated further reading lists

Praised for its detail and tone, International Relations since 1945 is ideal for providing undergraduates with a historical background as they approach international relations.

1 The New World
The Rise and Fall of Great Powers
The World in 1945
The Literature
2 The Cold War in Europe, 1945GÇô1949
Political science and history
Some Old and New Theories about the Cold War
Some Structural Explanations for the Cold War
Who Acted Where?
US Policy
Soviet Policy
The Problem of Germany
Motivating Forces behind US and Soviet Policies
The United States
The Soviet Union
The Literature
3 The Cold War Becomes Global, 1945GÇô1962
The United States, the Soviet Union, and Asia, 1945GÇô1950
The Civil War in China
Other Countries in Asia
Signs of Re-evaluation in the SuperpowersGÇÖ Asian Policies
The Korean War
Changes in US Policy in Asia
The Soviet Union Tries to Play a Global Role
A New Policy in Asia and the Middle East
A New Policy in Africa
The Cold War Reaches Latin America
The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Third World: A Comparison
The Literature
4 Detente Between East and West, 1962GÇô1975
Signs of Detente during the 1950s
The Policy of Detente, 1962GÇô1975
Agreements and Contact between East and West
Reasons for Detente
Detente and Geographic Expansion of the EastGÇôWest Con?ict
Respect for Each OtherGÇÖs Vital Regions
The Grey Zones between East and West
The Middle East, 1967GÇô1975
The Vietnam War
The Literature
5 Renewed Tension Between East and West, 1975GÇô1984
The Soviet Union: A New Globalism
The United States: Reaction to Detente
The Literature
6 The End of the Cold War, 1984GÇô1990
Different Theories about the End of the Cold War
What Happened GÇô and Why?
The Literature
7 Major Powers and Local Con?icts after the Cold War, 1990GÇô2016
The Major Powers in the New World
Hopes for Peace GÇô and the Reality of Local Con?icts
11 September 2001, Afghanistan and Iraq
Barack Obama and the Greater Middle East
The Literature
8 The Arms Race, 1945GÇô2016
Perspective and Motivating Forces
Hiroshima, Atomic Weapons, and Conventional Forces, 1945GÇô1949
The US Turnabout, 1949GÇô1953
New Directions in US and Soviet Defense Policies
The GÇÿNew LookGÇÖ
The GÇÿNew LookGÇÖ in the Soviet Union
Kennedy, McNamara, and Flexible Response
The Soviet Build-up
The US Reaction
The First Phase: Prior to 1973GÇô1974
The Second Phase: The Years up to 1984
Cooperation, Disarmament and Rearmament Once More
The Smaller Nuclear States
The Literature
9 The United States and Western Europe, 1945GÇô2016
Expansion by Invitation, 1945GÇô1950
European Integration, 1945GÇô1973
Explanations for the US Stance
USGÇôEuropean Relations, 1950GÇô1973
Cooperation Prior to 1962
Political and Military Controversy, 1962GÇô1973
Economic Relations, 1962GÇô1973
The United States and Western Europe after 1973: New Tensions
Expansion and Integration of the EC/EU
From the Year of Europe to German Reuni?cation
The US and the EU from Clinton to Donald Trump
The Literature
10 The Soviet Union/Russia and the (formerly) Communist Countries, 1945GÇô2016
Expansion and Conformism, 1945GÇô1953
The Reins are Loosened (1953GÇô1956) and Tightened (1956GÇô1958)
The Revolts in Poland and Hungary in 1956
The Split between the Soviet Union and China
From Cooperation to Armed Struggle
Explanations for the Split
Soviet Relations with Eastern Europe, 1958GÇô1985
Czechoslovakia GÇô 1968
Developments in Poland
The Soviet Union and the Communist Movement Elsewhere
The Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe
The Fall of the Soviet Union
Developments in Russia and Eastern Europe After the Fall of Communism
The Literature
11 The Rise of East Asia
The United States and Japan, 1945GÇô2016
1945GÇô1960: Occupation and US Dominance
1960GÇô1990: Economic Strength and Greater Political Independence
1990GÇô2016: Economic Problems and Political Uncertainty
The SinoGÇôSovietGÇôUS Triangle Since 1972
East Asia in the New World System
The Literature
12 Decolonization
Changes on the International Level
The National Level: Changes within the Colonial Powers
British Policies
French Policies
Belgium and Portugal
Why Different Attitudes?
The Local Level: Independence Movements Grow Stronger
The Three Stages
Economic and Cultural Development
The In?uence of International Events
The Nonaligned States in World Politics
The Literature
13 Economic Relations Between North and South, 1945GÇô2016
Aid and Trade, 1945GÇô2013
The Soviet Union and NorthGÇôSouth Issues
The Literature
14 Two Theories on Development and Under-development
The Liberalist and the Structuralist Schools
Discussion of Some Issues Central to Economic Development
The NorthGÇÖs DevelopmentGÇôThe SouthGÇÖs Under-development?
The Multinational Corporations
Raw Materials and Processed Goods
The Question of Dependence
Population, Gender, Environment
Production of Crude Oil
Why Poverty?
The Literature
15 Globalization and Fragmentation
Why both Globalization and Fragmentation?
East, West, North, South
Superpowers, States and Individuals
The Literature
16 Conclusion: The Future
Old and New Superpowers
What will happen to the International System?
The Literature

East, West, North, South is a classic overview of international politics since the Second World War, and Geir Lundestad is one of the contemporary historians who are extensively read by peace researchers and international relations scholars. Always solidly grounded in empirical research and detail, his ability to provide sweeping analyses has great scholarly appeal among social scientists.

Geir Lundestad was born in 1945. He was professor of history and American Civilization at the University of Tromsø from 1974 to 1990. He has held fellowships at Harvard University (1978–79, 1983) and the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, DC (1988–89).
Since 1990 Lundestad has been director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute and permanent secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee. The Committe awards the Nobel Peace Prize. Since 1991 he has also been adjunct professor of international history at the University of Oslo.
Lundestad has written numerous books and articles on the Cold War and on transatlantic relations. His most recent books are The Rise & Decline of the American ‘Empire’. Power and its Limits in Comparative Perspective (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012) and, edited, International Relations Since the End of the Cold War. New & Old Dimensions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).