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Introduction to Fully Integrated Mixed Methods Research

by Elizabeth Creamer SAGE Publications, Inc
Pub Date:
03/2017
ISBN:
9781483350936
Format:
Pbk 296 pages
Price:
AU$125.00 NZ$129.57
Product Status: In Stock Now
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An Introduction to Fully Integrated Mixed Methods Research by Elizabeth G. Creamer will help students and researchers understand how to design a fully integrated mixed methods study. The book foregrounds mixing qualitative and quantitative methods throughout the research process, from design to collection to analysis. Examples of research featured in the popular media engage readers in thinking about the ingenious ways that scholars have integrated data sources and analytical techniques. Creamer's approach is both practical and original, rather than teaching a prescribed set of designs, so students and readers can feel confident designing their own fully integrated mixed methods studies to answer their research questions.


 


The metaphor of an architectural arch and keystone is cleverly woven throughout to illustrate the ways that qualitative and quantitative approaches can be interlinked. This book assumes no prior knowledge of mixed methods and starts by walking readers through the terminology and purpose of mixed method approaches. Once readers understand the foundations, the book moves on to practical strategies for designing and executing a mixed methods study. A unique section of the book then addresses assessing the quality of mixed methods research and the challenge of reporting. This helps students evaluate the quality of their own studies as well as published studies.


 


Because mixed methods is still a growing and evolving field, Creamer includes a chapter on controversies and future directions for mixed methods research so the reader can be aware of potential developments. Each chapter begins with a statement of purpose and ends with a summary of key points and a list of supplemental activities to reinforce learning. Throughout the book, Creamer references exemplary published studies to illustrate concepts in mixed methods so readers have a better sense of how principles can be applied in real research situations. The student website will feature blank templates, learning objectives, flash cards, and recommended readings, while the instructor site will feature a sample syllabus, recommended assignments, and sample quiz questions.

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
Conceptual Framework
Purpose
Audience
Distinguishing Features
Organization of the Book
Organization of Each Chapter
Taking Advantage of the Text
Related Assignments
Acknowledgments
About the Author
PART 1: FOUNDATIONAL ISSUES
Chapter 1: Definitional Issues
Example from Popular Media: Locating the Bones of Richard III
Purposes and Goals of the Chapter
Different Perspectives on the Definition of Mixed Methods Research
The Centrality of Mixing to the Definition of Mixed Methods Research
Distinguishing Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches as Different Analytical Strategies
Conceptualizing Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches on a Continuum
Mixed Methods as a Logic of Inquiry
Evaluation and Mixed Methods
Conceptual Framework – Fully Integrated Mixed Methods Research
The Architectural Arch as a Metaphor
"Mixed Up" Methods
Controversies Involving Foundational Issues
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activity
Recommended Reading
Chapter 2: Classifying the Purposes of Mixed Methods Research
Mixed Methods Research Featured in the Popular Media
Purpose, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Arguments for the Preeminence of Purpose in Distinguishing Mixed Methods Studies
An Over-Riding Purpose of Mixing Compatible Methods: Triangulation
Typologies for Categorizing Research Articles by Purpose
Evolution of Typologies
An Expanded Typology of Purposes
Design Features of the Major Categories of Purpose Types
Prevalence of the Use of Different Types of Purposes
Design Features of the Exemplary Publication (Durksen & Klassen, 2012)
Mixing in the Chapter Exemplar
Value-Added of Mixed Methods in the Chapter Exemplar
Situations Where a Mixed Methods Approach May Not Be Appropriate
Conclusions
Recommendations for Practice
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
Chapter 3: Recognizing Paradigmatic Assumptions
Purpose, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Goals of the Chapter
Defining What is Meant by a Paradigm
Differing Viewpoints About the Relevance of Paradigms
Key Features of Paradigmatic Stances to Research That Are Compatible with Mixed Methods
Pragmatism
Dialectical Pluralism
Realist and Critical Realist Paradigm
Transformative-Emancipatory Paradigm
Grounded Theory and Mixed Methods – Exemplary Publication (Gasson & Waters, 2013)
Paradigmatic Assumptions that are Likely to Be Incompatible with Mixed Methods
Being Reflexive About Your Own Paradigm
Controversies Associated with Paradigms
Conclusion
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
Chapter 4: Distinguishing Mixed Methods Designs
Purposes, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Timing and Priority as Key Features That Distinguish Mixed Method Designs
A Classification System for Prototypical Mixed Method Designs
Summary About Design Types
Priority as a Key Feature of Mixed Method Designs
A Notation System that Incorporates Priority and Timing
Explaining the Prevalence of a Quantitative Priority
Mixed Methods Studies with Unequal Priority
Mixed Methods Studies with a Qualitative Priority
Design Features of the Exemplary Publication
Describing Key Features of the Chapter Exemplar
Strategies to Establish Priority
Equal Priority Mixed Methods Studies
Conclusions
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
PART 2: EXECUTING FULLY INTEGRATED MIXED METHODS RESEARCH
Chapter 5: Strategies for Mixing Prior to Analysis
Example from the Popular Media: The Blue Zones
Purposes, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Organization of the Chapter
Design Phase Mixing: Mixed Method Purpose Statements and Research Questions
Wording Research Questions to Reflect Priority
Three Approaches to Writing Mixed Method Research Questions
Mixing During Sampling
Combining Probability and Purposeful Sampling
Timing as a Way to Distinguish Mixed Method Sampling Approaches
Using Identical or Nested Samples
Exemplary Article: A Mixed Method Study of Using Social Media (Young & Jaganath, 2013)
Five Types of Mixing in the Chapter Exemplar
Methodological Transparency in the Exemplar
Conclusion
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
Chapter 6: Mixed Method Analytical Procedures
Returning to the Metaphor of the Architectural Arch
Purpose, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Mixed Method Analytical Strategies
Examples of the Use of Mixed Method Analytical Strategies
Example 1: Illustrating Data Transformation: Creamer and Ghoston (2012)
Example 2: Illustration Four Mixed Methods Analytical Strategies: Jang, McDougall, Pollon, Herbert, and Russell (2008)
Example 3: Illustrating Two Mixed Method Analytical Strategies: Elliott, Gale, Parsons, Kuh, and The HALCyon Study (2014)
Mixing by Constructing Inferences and Meta-Inferences
Examples of Meta-Inferences
Embedding Design Strategies that Promote Meaningful Meta-Inferences
Conclusions
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
Chapter 7: Data Transformation and other Strategies for Mixing During Analysis
Purpose, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Contributions of the Chapter
Organization of the Chapter
Quantifying and Quantitizing Qualitative Data
Quantifying
Attending to Sample Size
Examples of Quantifying and Quantitizing Qualitative Data
Example One from Mazzola, Walker, Schockley, & Spector (2011): Quantifying two Qualitatively Derived Variables for Purposes of Demonstrating a Relationship
Example Two from Castro, Kellison, Boyd, & Kopak (2010): Demonstrating a Relationship between Qualitatively and Quantitatively Derived Variables
Example Three from Young and Jaganath (2013): Quantifying Qualitative Themes to Show Change over Time
Example Four from Odom et al. (2006): Quantifying Qualitative Themes to Distinguish Groups
Qualitizing Numeric Data
Mixed Method Approaches to Case Study
Philosophical Assumptions of Case Study that are Well-Suited to Mixed Methods
Mixing by Linking Qualitative and Quantitative Data in a Case Report
Accomplishing Mixing through Sampling Procedures in Case Study Research
Exemplary Article: Mixed Methods Case Study Research by Cooper (2014)
Mixing across Stages of the Research Process in the Exemplar
Conclusions
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
PART 3: EVALUATING QUALITY
Chapter 8: Evaluating Quality in Mixed Methods Research Publications
Purpose, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Organization of the Chapter
Chapter Exemplar: McMahon (2007) Study About the Endorsement of Rape Myths among College Athletes
Mixed Method Evaluation Rubric (MMER)
Defining and Illustrating the Evaluation Criteria in the MMER
Criterion # 1: Transparency Application to the Exemplar
Criterion # 2: Amount of Mixing Application to the Exemplar
Criterion # 3: Interpretive Comprehensiveness Application to the Exemplar
Criterion # 4: Methodological Foundation Application to the Exemplar
Using Evaluation Criteria to Demonstrate a Link between Design and Quality
Challenges and Future Uses of the MMER
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
Chapter 9: Designing and Reporting a Fully Integrated Mixed Methods Research Proposal or Doctoral Dissertation
Communicating Priority
Purpose, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Organization of the Chapter
Situations When the Multi-Method Label is Appropriate
Intentionality About Incorporating Design Features That Promote Mixing
Designing a Mixed Methods Study in Ways that are Feasible for a Newcomer to Empirical Research
Chapter Exemplars that are the Most Feasible as Models for Doctoral Research
Methods that are Adaptable to a Mixed Methods Approach
Content Analysis
Organizing a Mixed Methods Research Manuscript
Extending the Quality of Reporting
Process-Oriented Graphics
Illustrating the Guidelines for Methodological Transparency with an Exemplar
Conclusions
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Recommended Reading
PART 4: CONTROVERSIES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
Chapter 10: Controversies and Future Directions
Purposes, Goals, and Contribution of the Chapter
Contribution of the Chapter
Organization of the Chapter
Looking Back: Controversies about Mixed Methods Research
Evidence About Prevalence
Reframing Designs to Emphasize Mixing During Analysis
Conceiving Mixed Priority Designs
Inserting a Third Column: Visualizing Designs in Ways that Highlight Mixing
Re-Conceptualizing Priority in Terms of Inferences and Meta-Inferences
Applying a Template to Visualize Meta-Inferences
Summarizing Major Themes
Lessons from the Exemplars
Refocusing the Logic of Combination
Applying the Mixed Methods Label
Summary of Key Points
Key Terms
Supplemental Activities
Recommended Reading
Appendices
Appendix A: Summary of Key Points by Chapter
Appendix B: List of Supplemental Activities by Chapter
Appendix C: Blank Template for Article Summaries
Appendix D: Templates for Chapter Exemplars
Endnote
Glossary
References
Name Index
Subject Index

“The text is comprehensive and well written. It provides a strong background and overview of mixed methods, and educates students on how to be consumers of mixed methods studies.”