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Markets and Malthus: Population, Gender and Health in Neo-liberal Times

by Mohan Rao and Sarah Sexton SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd
Pub Date:
Hbk 364 pages
AU$107.00 NZ$112.17
Product Status: In Stock Now
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The decennial International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) that took place in Cairo in 1994 has been described as historic and revolutionary. It rejected top-down demographically driven population control programmes, emphasizing instead reproductive health and rights for women, and for men. This volume explores the ideas and institutions that framed the Cairo consensus and traces their trajectories sixteen years down the line. Why were Third World feminists profoundly critical of the Cairo consensus and process? How has the health of people around the world been affected by neo-liberal economic policies? The intervening years have also seen the global rise of anti-feminisms and fundamentalisms targeting women's bodies and rights. What have these meant for women's rights, including reproductive rights? The book presents detailed case studies ranging from India and China, to Egypt, Africa and Latin America, as well as overarching themed essays. With data, reasoned arguments and passion, all the chapters reveal the fault lines in thinking about population issues that do not challenge neo-Malthusian ideas. With the ongoing financial and climate crisis, such population ideas are once again coming onto centrestage, indicating the need for critical awareness. This book contains essays by leading scholars across the world, brought together in one place for the first time. From the politics of abortion and immigration to rising levels of fundamentalist violence and sex selective abortions, the volume explores a range of issues from several vantage points. It offers startling new insights into these issues by linking them to neo-liberal economic policies that have profoundly shaped health globally.

Introduction: Population, Health and Gender in Neo-liberal Times - Mohan Rao and Sarah Sexton A Decade and More after Cairo: Women's Health in a Free Market Economy - Sarah Sexton and Sumati Nair Liberal Ends, Illiberal Means: National Security, 'Environmental Conflict' and the Making of the Cairo Consensus - Betsy Hartmann The Politics of Abortion: A Note - Marlene Fried An Entangled Skein: Neo-Malthusianisms in Neo-liberal Times - Mohan Rao Neo-liberal development and Reproductive Health in India: The Making of the Personal and the Political - Rachel Simon-Kumar A Decade After Cairo In Latin America: An Overview - Martha Rosenberg Redefining and medicalizing population policies : NGOs and their innovative contributions to the Post Cairo agenda - Susanne Schultz Structural Adjustment, Impotence and Family Planning: Men's Voices in Egypt - Kamran Asdar Ali What has happened in Africa since Cairo? - Meredeth Turshen Reproductive Health, Family Planning and HIV/AIDS: Dangers of (Dis) Integration in Tanzania and Uganda - Lisa Ann Richey China's Population Policies: Engendered Biopolitics, the One-child Norm and Masculinisation of Child Sex Ratios - Susan Greenhalgh

The volume is comprehensive in terms of coverage, discourse, theoretical and empirical findings and makes the reader workout some population issues having linkages with larger developmental agenda. The Tribune Markets and Malthus has an engaging collection of papers on population, gender and health. The Financial Express This book is a must read for all those who are concerned about the lives of poor women. This remarkable collection of essays shows us, through case studies from across the world, how the Cairo Conference's call for reproductive rights have been subverted by neo-liberal economic policies to promote fertility control at the cost of women's health. Brinda Karat In the current climate when overpopulation arguments are again prominent, this book is essential reading for health and women's rights activists and indeed policy-makers. It explores how the promises of reproductive health and rights at the ICPD in Cairo in 1994 were hollowed out by neo-liberalism. Both market fundamentalism and religious fundamentalism took their toll. Shabana Azmi
Mohan Rao is Professor at the Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He is a medical doctor, specialized in public health. He works on health and population policy, and the history and politics of health. His publications include From Population Control to Reproductive Health: Malthusian Arithmetic (2004), Disinvesting in Health: The World Bankas Health Prescription (edited, 1999), and The Unheard Scream: Reproductive Health and Womenas Lives in India (edited, 2004). Sarah Sexton works with The Corner House, a non-profit research and solidarity group based in Dorset, UK that aims to support democratic and community movements for environmental and social justice. As part of its solidarity work, The Corner House carries out analyses, research, and advocacy with the aim of linking issues, of stimulating informed discussion and strategic thought on critical environmental and social concerns, and of encouraging broad alliances to tackle them. She is currently working on the political economy of the global biotechnology industry, and its implications for women.